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Tunisia · Corruption Risk Forecast

Tunisia

Basic Country Information

  • Region: Middle East & North Africa
  • Income Group: Lower Middle
  • Population : 11.82 millions
  • GNI per Capita: 9728
  • Urban population : 69.6 % of total
  • Life expectancy at birth: 76.7
  • Human Development Index (HDI): 0.74

How does Tunisia control corruption?

Forecasted trend:
Stationary
Integrity Transparency
Country’s Score 5.84/10 8/20
World Rank 70/114 98/129
Regional Rank 4/9 3/11
Income group Rank 8/35 24/38

Index of Public Integrity

IPI Score: 5.84 / 10
The IPI score is the mean of the six components scores, which result from the standardization and normalization of original source data to range between 1 and 10 using a min-max-transformation, with higher values representing better performance.
Components Component Score
(max=10)
World
Rank
Income Group
Rank
Regional
Rank
Opportunities for Corruption
Administrative Burden 9.02 30/113 3/0 3/8
Trade Openness 8.48 71/113 14/0 5/8
Administrative Transparency 4.38 81/114 20/35 5/9
Online Services 6.11 68/114 11/35 3/9
Budget Transparency 5.49 92/114 22/35 4/9
Constraints on Corruption
Judicial Independence 5.26 54/114 11/35 6/9
Freedom of the Press 7.14 50/114 5/35 1/9
E-Citizenship 6.69 52/114 3/35 3/9

Opportunities are permanent enabling circumstances for corruption. Empirical evidence exists that administrative discretion (lack of administrative transparency and poor regulation) combined with unaccountable resources (non-transparent public finance, both from domestic sources and international aid) create opportunities for corruption.

Constraints are permanent disabling circumstances of corruption. They encompass the legal response of authorities as well as the response by society (a free press and digitally enabled citizens organized as civil society or as individual voters).

Societies manage to control corruption if they find the right balance between opportunities and constraints.

Read more in the methodology.

 

For Budget Transparency, last value available is for 2019. For Online Services, last value available is for 2020. For Judicial Independence, last value available is for 2019. For the E-citizenship sub-components, last values available are also for 2020, and missing values in any of the sub-indicators were replaced with the latest available data point.

No IPI data for Tunisia

Transparency in Tunisia

T-Index Score: 8 / 20
T-index
World
Average
Income Group
Average
Regional
Average

De Facto Transparency: 4 / 14

De Facto Components

De facto components refer to the online availability, accessibility, and coverage of public data in selected relevant domains. These were assessed as completely existing (1 point), existing with partial information or paid access (0.5 point), or not existing (0 points).

Past expenditures (last fiscal year) No
Current expenditures (budget tracker) No
Public Procurement Portal Yes
Land cadaster No
Register of commerce Partial
Auditor General's report No
Supreme Court's hearings schedule No
Supreme Court's rulings Partial
Financial disclosures for public officials No
Conflict of interest disclosures No
Official Development Assistance (ODA) Partial
Mining concessions Partial
Building permits in the capital city No
Official gazette Yes

De Jure Transparency: 4 / 6

De Jure Components

De jure components refer to the existence of formal transparency commitments in relevant selected domains. These were assessed as existing (1 point) or not (0 points).

Freedom of Information Acts (FOIA) Yes
Open Government Partnership (OGP) Yes
Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative (EITI) No
United Nations Conventions Against Corruption (UNCAC) Yes
OECD Convention against Bribery of International Officials Yes
Financial Action Task Force Against Money Laundering (or equivalent) No

Give us feedback on our sources
Please download our full dataset here
Note: Links last accessed in February 2022.

No TI data for Tunisia

Tunisia's Corruption Forecast

Forecasted trend:
Stationary
Tunisia’s hopeful trajectory came to a halt with the suspension of its Parliament. Despite having the best modernization ingredients in the region, and having had significant progress on e-citizens and press freedom, the country’s governments did not reset its state on a Georgian administrative reform model, and its citizens were severely disappointed. Its administrative transparency and online services are poor and far below its economic potential. Tunisia might have been a regional leader in good governance once, but it is a laggard in its income group. Over the last 10 years it has progressed less than expected, in particular on the Arab Spring agenda of administrative simplicity, soft formalization policies and fiscal transparency. It even regressed on judicial independence. Its main assets remain a free press and a highly educated and committed civil society. If the democratic process returns to normal, Tunisia needs to tackle (with donor support) the targeted reduction of legal rents granting privileges, and a broad opening of access opportunities. It should not return to adopting comprehensive five-year anti-corruption plans, as during the time before the coup against Parliament they were not leading anywhere.
See Tunisia's profile on the Index of Public Integrity.
Components 2008 2020 Trendline
Budget Transparency 6.71 5.39 0
Administrative Burden 8.01 9.56 1
Judicial Independence 7.25 5.09 -1
Press Freedom 2.53 5.14 1
E-Citizenship 2.34 4.51 1
  positive change;   negative change;   change not statically significant.

For Budget Transparency, period considered is 2012-2019. For Judicial Independence, last value available is for 2019. Due to insufficient data on Facebook users, E-citizenship was computed as the mean of the remaining two sub-indicators (fixed broadband subscriptions and Internet users). Missing values for 2020 in either of the sub-indicators were replaced with the latest available data point.

No Forecast data for Tunisia