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Botswana · Corruption Risk Forecast


Basic Country Information

  • Region: Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Income Group: Upper Middle
  • Population : 2.35 millions
  • GNI per Capita: 16040
  • Urban population : 70.9 % of total
  • Life expectancy at birth: 69.6
  • Human Development Index (HDI): 0.735

How does Botswana control corruption?

Forecasted trend:
Integrity Transparency
Country’s Score 4.83/10 6.5/20
World Rank 85/114 114/129
Regional Rank 6/26 22/27
Income group Rank 27/29 32/36

Index of Public Integrity

IPI Score: 4.83 / 10
The IPI score is the mean of the six components scores, which result from the standardization and normalization of original source data to range between 1 and 10 using a min-max-transformation, with higher values representing better performance.
Components Component Score
Income Group
Opportunities for Corruption
Administrative Burden 7.54 93/113 22/0 19/26
Trade Openness 9.52 36/113 6/0 2/26
Administrative Transparency 4.38 81/114 25/29 6/26
Online Services 3.43 100/114 27/29 18/26
Budget Transparency 1.64 98/114 27/29 19/26
Constraints on Corruption
Judicial Independence 6.55 31/114 5/29 4/26
Freedom of the Press 7.93 31/114 4/29 5/26
E-Citizenship 5.03 75/114 25/29 1/26

Opportunities are permanent enabling circumstances for corruption. Empirical evidence exists that administrative discretion (lack of administrative transparency and poor regulation) combined with unaccountable resources (non-transparent public finance, both from domestic sources and international aid) create opportunities for corruption.

Constraints are permanent disabling circumstances of corruption. They encompass the legal response of authorities as well as the response by society (a free press and digitally enabled citizens organized as civil society or as individual voters).

Societies manage to control corruption if they find the right balance between opportunities and constraints.

Read more in the methodology.


For Budget Transparency, last value available is for 2019. For Online Services, last value available is for 2020. For Judicial Independence, last value available is for 2019. For the E-citizenship sub-components, last values available are also for 2020, and missing values in any of the sub-indicators were replaced with the latest available data point.

No IPI data for Botswana

Transparency in Botswana

T-Index Score: 6.5 / 20
Income Group

De Facto Transparency: 4.5 / 14

De Facto Components

De facto components refer to the online availability, accessibility, and coverage of public data in selected relevant domains. These were assessed as completely existing (1 point), existing with partial information or paid access (0.5 point), or not existing (0 points).

Past expenditures (last fiscal year) No
Current expenditures (budget tracker) No
Public Procurement Portal Partial
Land cadaster No
Register of commerce Yes
Auditor General's report No
Supreme Court's hearings schedule Yes
Supreme Court's rulings No
Financial disclosures for public officials No
Conflict of interest disclosures No
Official Development Assistance (ODA) Yes
Mining concessions Yes
Building permits in the capital city No
Official gazette No

De Jure Transparency: 2 / 6

De Jure Components

De jure components refer to the existence of formal transparency commitments in relevant selected domains. These were assessed as existing (1 point) or not (0 points).

Freedom of Information Acts (FOIA) No
Open Government Partnership (OGP) No
Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative (EITI) No
United Nations Conventions Against Corruption (UNCAC) Yes
OECD Convention against Bribery of International Officials Yes
Financial Action Task Force Against Money Laundering (or equivalent) No

Give us feedback on our sources
Please download our full dataset here
Note: Links last accessed in February 2022.

No TI data for Botswana

Botswana's Corruption Forecast

Forecasted trend:
Botswana, the longtime African champion of free elections, autonomous bureaucracy and judiciary has slightly regressed over the past decade. Trends are contradictory, with significant declines in fiscal transparency, press freedom and judicial independence -- once the country’s strong points -- but significant progress on e-citizenship and reducing administrative burden. Botswana’s way ahead is to invest more in transparency, where it performs poorly, and to show more restraint over judicial pursuit of the political opposition unless a unitary treatment can be applied to all politicians. The country was once placed by CPI ahead of Italy but now is ranked 85 in IPI 2021, on a par with Angola. An entire point was lost due to the change of methodology, as Administrative Burden, where the country was doing well, was discontinued and replaced with Administrative Transparency -- where it fares poorly.
See Botswana's profile on the Index of Public Integrity.
Components 2008 2020 Trendline
Budget Transparency 6.93 7.37 0
Administrative Burden 6.77 7.82 1
Judicial Independence 7.38 6.28 -1
Press Freedom 6.85 5.95 -1
E-Citizenship 1.3 3.88 1
  positive change;   negative change;   change not statically significant.

For Budget Transparency, period considered is 2008-2019. For Judicial Independence, last value available is for 2019. For Press Freedom, period considered is 2007-2017.Due to insufficient data on Facebook users, E-citizenship was computed as the mean of the remaining two sub-indicators (fixed broadband subscriptions and Internet users). Missing values for 2020 in either of the sub-indicators were replaced with the latest available data point.

No Forecast data for Botswana