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Brazil · Corruption Risk Forecast

Brazil

Basic Country Information

  • Region: Latin America & Caribbean
  • Income Group: Upper Middle
  • Population : 212.56 millions
  • GNI per Capita: 14064
  • Urban population : 87.1 % of total
  • Life expectancy at birth: 75.9
  • Human Development Index (HDI): 0.765

How does Brazil control corruption?

Forecasted trend:
Stationary
Integrity Transparency
Country’s Score 7.23/10 15/20
World Rank 39/114 26/129
Regional Rank 4/18 6/22
Income group Rank 6/29 9/36

Index of Public Integrity

IPI Score: 7.23 / 10
The IPI score is the mean of the six components scores, which result from the standardization and normalization of original source data to range between 1 and 10 using a min-max-transformation, with higher values representing better performance.
Components Component Score
(max=10)
World
Rank
Income Group
Rank
Regional
Rank
Opportunities for Corruption
Administrative Burden 4.91 112/113 27/0 17/18
Trade Openness 8.28 79/113 21/0 10/18
Administrative Transparency 8.88 9/114 2/29 1/18
Online Services 8.66 17/114 2/29 1/18
Budget Transparency 8.07 38/114 15/29 8/18
Constraints on Corruption
Judicial Independence 4.29 71/114 13/29 5/18
Freedom of the Press 6.3 75/114 18/29 12/18
E-Citizenship 7.2 44/114 8/29 6/18

Opportunities are permanent enabling circumstances for corruption. Empirical evidence exists that administrative discretion (lack of administrative transparency and poor regulation) combined with unaccountable resources (non-transparent public finance, both from domestic sources and international aid) create opportunities for corruption.

Constraints are permanent disabling circumstances of corruption. They encompass the legal response of authorities as well as the response by society (a free press and digitally enabled citizens organized as civil society or as individual voters).

Societies manage to control corruption if they find the right balance between opportunities and constraints.

Read more in the methodology.

 

For Budget Transparency, last value available is for 2019. For Online Services, last value available is for 2020. For Judicial Independence, last value available is for 2019. For the E-citizenship sub-components, last values available are also for 2020, and missing values in any of the sub-indicators were replaced with the latest available data point.

No IPI data for Brazil

Transparency in Brazil

T-Index Score: 15 / 20
T-index
World
Average
Income Group
Average
Regional
Average

De Facto Transparency: 10 / 14

De Facto Components

De facto components refer to the online availability, accessibility, and coverage of public data in selected relevant domains. These were assessed as completely existing (1 point), existing with partial information or paid access (0.5 point), or not existing (0 points).

Past expenditures (last fiscal year) Yes
Current expenditures (budget tracker) Yes
Public Procurement Portal Yes
Land cadaster Partial
Register of commerce Yes
Auditor General's report Yes
Supreme Court's hearings schedule Yes
Supreme Court's rulings Yes
Financial disclosures for public officials Partial
Conflict of interest disclosures No
Official Development Assistance (ODA) No
Mining concessions Yes
Building permits in the capital city No
Official gazette Yes

De Jure Transparency: 5 / 6

De Jure Components

De jure components refer to the existence of formal transparency commitments in relevant selected domains. These were assessed as existing (1 point) or not (0 points).

Freedom of Information Acts (FOIA) Yes
Open Government Partnership (OGP) Yes
Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative (EITI) No
United Nations Conventions Against Corruption (UNCAC) Yes
OECD Convention against Bribery of International Officials Yes
Financial Action Task Force Against Money Laundering (or equivalent) Yes

Give us feedback on our sources
Please download our full dataset here
Note: Links last accessed in February 2022.

No TI data for Brazil

Brazil's Corruption Forecast

Forecasted trend:
Stationary
Brazil had been progressing steadily for nearly 10 years on transparency, e-government, and elimination of the impunity culture, before recent elections and the pandemic challenged its quality of government. It still has much to improve upon in terms of administrative burden, regulatory quality and press freedom, as well as on restoring trust in the rule of law after the massive Lava Jato scandals. Beyond the problem of authoritarian populism, Brazil’s great variation in development and quality of governance across different geographical regions poses a challenge of how to prevent the poorest regions with the highest inequality from falling behind and dragging down the rest.
See Brazil's profile on the Index of Public Integrity.
Components 2008 2020 Trendline
Budget Transparency 8.02 8.9 0
Administrative Burden 2.74 5.89 1
Judicial Independence 4.21 4.2 0
Press Freedom 6.22 5.77 0
E-Citizenship 2.76 5.1 1
  positive change;   negative change;   change not statically significant.

For Budget Transparency, period considered is 2008-2019. For Administrative Burden, time frame available was insufficient for trend assessment. For Judicial Independence, last value available is for 2019. For Press Freedom, period considered is 2007-2017.Due to insufficient data on Facebook users, E-citizenship was computed as the mean of the remaining two sub-indicators (fixed broadband subscriptions and Internet users). Missing values for 2020 in either of the sub-indicators were replaced with the latest available data point.

No Forecast data for Brazil